The Balsam of Peru, also known and marketed by many other names is a balsam derived from a tree known as Myroxylon. The natural resinous balsam that comes from the trunk of the tree contains a mix of a number of substances that are generally related to cinnamon, vanilla, and clove fragrances and flavorings which is grown in Central America (primarily in El Salvador) and South America.
Balsam of Peru is used in food and drink for flavoring. In perfumes and toiletries for fragrance, and in medicine and pharmaceutical items for healing properties. It has a sweet scent. In some instances, Balsam of Peru is listed on the ingredient label of a product by one of its various names.
But it may not be required to be listed by its name by mandatory labeling conventions. Balsam of Peru is an aromatic viscous resin obtained by scorching or inflicting V-shaped wounds on the bark of the trunk of the tree.Myroxylon balsamum var. pereirae. The tree has also been introduced to several Pacific islands such as Fiji and to Indonesia and is a potential ecological threat there.
About 50 to 64 percent volatile oil is present in Balsam and resin is 20 to 28 percent. The contents of volatile oil are benzoic acid, cinnamic acid esters. It is belived that the main active constituents of resin are benzoic acid and cinnamic acid. About 60% of this oil is cinnamein which is a volatile oil and extracted by the steam distillation. Commercially this is used in the perfume industry, cosmetic industry and soap industry.
There are number of chemicals available in Balsam Peru like : alpha-muurolene, benzyl-benzoate,beta-elemene,alpha-copaene,alpha-curcumene,benzyl-cinnamate, benzyl-isoferulate,benzaldehyde,benzoic, benzoic-acids,cadalene,benzyl-ferulate,Alpha-bourbonene, beta-bourbonene,alpha-cadinene,alpha-calacorene,alpha-pinene,caryophyllene,benzyl-alcohol,calamenene.
Other containts are cinnamaldehyde, cinnamein, cinnamic-acids, cinnamyl-benzoate, cinnamyl-cinnamate, cis-ocimene, coumarin, d-cadinene, dammaradienone, delta-cadinene, dihydromandelic-acid, eugenol, farnesol, Ferulic-acid, gamma-muurolene, hydroxyhopanone, l-cadinol, methyl-cinnamate, nerolidol, oleanolic-acid, p-cymene, peruresinotannol, peruviol, resin, styrene, sumaresinolic-acid, tannin, toluresinotannol-cinnamate, vanillin, and wax.in care perfumery due to IFRA regulations.
However where permitted , BMV has developed a unique product namely Balsam Peru Super Absolute , which is very light in colour and very delicate and soft in odour. Also Balsam Peru NNO a very true reconstitution of the Oil.